Your Local Guide to Faridabad
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General Information About Faridabad
Faridabad is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. It is a major industrial city and population centre. The city was founded in 1607 by Sheikh Farid, treasurer of Jahangir, with the object of protecting the highway which passed through the town. He built a fort, a tank and a mosque which are now in ruins. It also had a sarai, a travelers' lodge that served as a last stop for travelers to Delhi. Later, it became the headquarters of a pargana which was held in jagir by the Ballabgarh ruler. Faridabad became the 12th district of Haryana on 15 August 1979.

Faridabad is about 25 Kilometers south of Delhi at 28° 25' 16" North and 77° 18' 28" East. It is bounded by the National Capital Territory of Delhi on its north, Gurgaon District on the west, and Uttar Pradesh state on its east and south. Delhi-Mathura National Highway-2 (Shershah Suri Marg) passes through the centre of the district. The city has many Railway Stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the North Central Railway.


Faridabad is now the most populated city of Haryana and it generates about 60% of the revenue of the Haryana state. 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon.

Faridabad is famous for henna production, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres are other famous industrial products of the city. For the purposes of civil administration, Faridabad District is divided into two sub divisions, viz. - Faridabad and Ballabgarh. Each subdivision is headed by a sub-divisional officer.

Geography

Faridabad is located at 28°26′N 77°19′E / 28.43°N 77.32°E / 28.43; 77.32[2]. It has an average elevation of 198 meters (649 ft).

The city is located on the plains of the Yamuna River. It is bordered by the Yamuna to the east and Aravali Hills towards the west and southwest. Today, virtually all of the land has been developed with residential housing as the population of the city swelled during the mid 90s.

Much like the rest of India, the people of Faridabad rely on ground water for their basic needs which is the gift of good monsoon season.

Sightseeing

Popular places to visit are the Badhkal Lake, 32 km from Delhi. It is a great retreat to relax amidst birds, the lake and hills, and enjoy some adventure sports like canoeing, trekking, rock climbing and kayaking. You could also visit the Raja Nahar Singh Palace in Ballabgarh, now converted partly into a heritage resort. An 18th century palace, it is said to resemble the palaces of Bharatpur in craftsmanship and beauty.


Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Faridabad had a population of approx 2,193,276 Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Faridabad has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 60%. In Faridabad, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Old Faridabad, as the northern and oldest part of the city is known, is home to people whose families might have been living in the area for centuries. The ancestry of people is mostly Jats and people from the state of Uttar Pradesh and villages in Haryana.

The western part of the city is called New Industrial Town (abbreviated as NIT). It was built after 1947 for the people who were relocating in India from Pakistan after the Partition of India. Thus most of the people here share their ancestry with modern day Pakistan's regions of Dera Ismail Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bannu, and Kohat. The rapid growth of the city also brought immigrants to the city from other parts of the country. It is said that city was initially planned only for 300,000 people but the total population of the city is well over 2 million today.

Economy

Faridabad is a massive economic engine for Haryana. Faridabad and Gurgaon generate over 50% of the income tax to the Haryana government.

Agriculture

Wheat was grown in Faridabad before but the agriculture has since moved towards the villages of Haryana as Faridabad saw a boom in the population in the early 90s. Almost all of agricultural land has been taken over by the residential housing. However, the 'Anaaj Mandi' (Grain Market) of heritage value still exists in Old Faridabad.

Sports

Facilities for cricket are available in Nahar Singh Stadium which was built in 1981; the ground has a capacity to hold around 25,000 people and stands out as one of the most modern in North India having all facilities. The last ODI played here was between India and England on 31 March 2006. India has played three matches here.

Central Government Offices

Faridabad has benefited from plans of Union Government to decongest Delhi by shifting a number of Central Government Offices to Faridabad. Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad. Prominent among them are Central Water Commission, Department of Plant Quarantine, and Central Insecticide Lab. A number of Union Government Offices for Haryana are based here such as Department of Explosives, Department of Labour, etc.

Agriculture

Wheat was grown in Faridabad before but the agriculture has since moved towards the villages of Haryana as Faridabad saw a boom in the population in the early 90s. Almost all of agricultural land has been taken over by the residential housing. However, the 'Anaaj Mandi' (Grain Market) of heritage value still exists in Old Faridabad.

Manufacturing

Faridabad is the industrial heart of Haryana. It is home to hundreds of large scale companies like Encon Thermal Projects (www.encon.co.in), JK Tyre & Ind Ltd., Orient fans (C.K.Birla Group), JCB India Limited, GKN Driveline India Limited, Agri Machinery Group (Escorts Limited), Yamaha Motor India Pvt. Ltd., Whirlpool, ABB Ltd., Marathon Electric India P Ltd. , Goodyear Tyres, JBM, Knorr Bremse India Pvt. Ltd., Tata Ryerson Ltd , Hindustan Syringes (dispovan), Thomson Press, Havells, L&T, Lakhani, PWK Engineers Pvt. Ltd, Tide Water Oil Co.(India) Limited, There are thousands of medium and small scale units as well.

Military

The Indian Air Force (IAF) has a logistics base in Faridabad. The resident unit is No.56 Air Storage Park as well as the Air Force Guard Dog Training Unit. The IAF Base is commanded by a Group Captain of the Logistics Branch. Formerly, a SA-2 SAM Squadron was also based in Faridabad. Although there is no army organization in the city, there are many retired army officers settled here.

Communications

Faridabad is well connected by the latest means of communications that includes GSM, WLL, Dialup internet connection, DSL internet connection, Leased line internet connection.

Govt. operated fixed line/land line telephone connections privately operated, world class network of fixed line phones.

Apart from electronics means of communication, the city is well connected through the postal services as well. Government owned Indian Postal Service and privately owned postal services like First Flight, DHL, FedEx, DTDC, Blue Dart, TNT etc. can be easily accessed.

Transportation

By Rail

Faridabad is on broad gauge of New Delhi- Mumbai Line. New Delhi and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station is about 25 km from Faridabad Station. The trains for big cities like Mumbai, Chennai, and Hyderabad are easily accessible from here. Local Trains runs between New Delhi to Faridabad.

There are three railway stations in the city viz. Faridabad (FDB), New Town Faridabad (FDN) and Ballabgarh (BVH). Earlier it was the last station of central railway, but now it has been taken in Northern railway. It is a very high revenue generating source for railways as thousands of people move daily in local trains to and from Delhi for education/professions.

By Road
The National Highway-2 (Delhi-Mathura Road) passes through the city, and thus it is well connected to nearby states. Roadways services of Haryana (Haryana Roadways) and neighboring states like Delhi Transport Corporation, Uttar Pardesh Transport Department, Madhya Pradesh Transport Department, etc. are easily accessible. Delhi Metro Rail is likely to cover the city by 2011 as proposed by the Government of Delhi.

By Air
Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi and Palam Domestic Airport, New Delhi.

Education

Further information: List of education facilities in Faridabad

Colleges: Aravali College of Engg & Mgmt, Rai Foundation Colleges (Meadows), Al-Falah School of Engineering & Technology, [1] YMCA University of Science & Technology(formerly Y.M.C.A. Instt. of Engineering), Career Institute of Tech. & Management, Manav Rachna College of Engineering, Echolon Institute of Engineering, DAV Institute of Management, Govt. Polytechnic for Women, Lingaya's College.

Government Officer's Institutes/Training Centers: Cement Research Institute, National Institute of Finance Management (M/o Finance), National Academy of Central Excise, Custom & Narcotics, Power Engineers Training Institute, Central Fertilizer Quality Control & Training Institute, Regional Directorate of Apprentice & Training(RDAT), Wireless Training Centre (Cabinet Secretaries), Oriental Insurance Staff Training College

Schools: Ashok Memorial Public School, Ryan International School, St.Joseph's Convent School, Vidya Niketan Sen. Sec. School, Rawal International School, Aravali International School, Modern Vidya Niketan, DAV Public School, Vidya Sanskar International school, St. John's School, Delhi Public School, Apeejay public school, Carmel convent School, Modern School, Manav Rachna International School.

Famous people from Faridabad
  • Maharani Kishori - wife of Jat Maharaja Suraj Mal of Bharatpur in Rajasthan, India; married in 1730.
  • Raja Nahar Singh - Jat King of the princely state of Ballabhgarh in Faridabad (1823–1858)
  • Sonu Nigam - Indian playback singer (born 1973)
  • Ajay Ratra - Indian cricketer (born 1981)
 
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